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2019年9月20日 作者來自史丹福郡大學生命科學與教育學院

The prospect of going to university isexciting but can also be a daunting time. There are many questions to addressand a number of unknowns, then there’s the challenge of imposter syndrome –wondering whether you’ll fit in with other students along with fears about howto make your own way in the world. And that’s before you’ve even thought abouthow to be a successful student.

上大學的景象是令人激動的,但也可能會是一段讓人畏縮的時光。可以探討的問題有很多,還有挺多是不為人知的,我們有冒名頂替綜合癥帶來的挑戰,即非常想知道你是否能融入其他學生,并帶著如何孤身闖蕩世界的恐懼。而這些甚至在你思考如何成為一個成功的學生之前就出現了。

There are a number of nuggets of wisdom wewould love to be able to give our younger selves to smooth the path throughuniversity. Some are to do with balancing study and paid work, others to dowith balancing study and social life. But on reflection, one of the mostimportant would be changing the way we looked at, and interacted with, theassessments we had to complete as part of our degrees.

為了能給大學生涯鋪平道路,我們想要把一些金貴的小智慧送給更年輕的自己。有些是關于平衡學業與有償的工作,還有一些是關于平衡學業和社交生活。但考慮再三,最重要的建議之一就是改變我們看待作為學位一部分的學業評定的方式,以及與之互動的方式。

In our roles at Staffordshire University,we have both become increasingly interested in how students learn within highereducation. Our research looks at how talking with peers, tutors, family andfriends can prepare students for assessments and make the most of feedback.

在史丹福郡大學的任職期間,我們對于高等教育中學生學習方式的興趣與日俱增。我們的研究檢視了與同輩、導師、家人和朋友的談話是如何能讓學生為評定做好準備的,并且充分利用了相關反饋。



Have a support network

構建一張支持網絡

If you are struggling, talk to people –your tutor, peers and family are all there to help you. Don’t close in on yourselfor start thinking “I can’t do this” – you can. Seek guidance and think aboutwhat needs to be different to make the situation OK.

如果你步履維艱,和別人談談心吧,你的導師,同輩和家人都會幫助你的。不要封閉自己,或是開始出現“我無能為力”的念頭,你可以的。尋求指導,并去思考,想要讓境況轉好,還需要改變哪些東西。

Get to know your course mates, but makesure you form your own ideas and opinions.

(圖解:去試著了解你的課程伙伴,但要確保你的想法和觀點是你自己形成多的)

If you’re finding your assignmentsdifficult, talk to other students in your lectures or seminars. Hearing notjust different viewpoints but seeing where others are coming from gives breadthto your work. Listen to your peers and practise expressing your own views –this can help to give you clarity around tricky subjects and will help you togrow and expand in your scholarly work. But don’t try to be someone else – eventhose who appear more successful than you.

如果你發現你在作業中碰到困難,和你課上或研討班上的其他學生聊聊。不只是要聽取不同觀點,還要去聽聽其他人一路而來的思考過程,這能為你的作業提供一些更寬廣的思路。聽聽你的同輩人是怎么說的,然后去練習表達你自己的觀點,此舉能在難對付的學科中幫助理清你的思緒,還能幫助你成長,并擴展你的學術工作。但不要試圖去做別人,哪怕他們似乎比你更成功。

Learn from your mistakes

從錯誤中學習

When it comes to essays and assessments,your first attempt shouldn’t be your last. You need to read over your draftsand make changes to what you have written. This is editing, it makes for a moresuccessful assignment – as rarely can you write something just right first timeround.

說到論文和作業,你的第一次嘗試不應該成為最后一次。你必須多讀幾遍草稿,并對你已經寫下的內容作出修改。這是編輯工作,能幫助你做出一份更成功的作業,一遍就寫對的情況畢竟是少見的。



There’s no doubt about it, startinguniversity can be a scary time, but knowing how to tackle your assignments,having a support network and being open to new learning experiences can allmake the process much smoother – and will hopefully help you enjoy your studiesover the coming years.

毫無疑問,啟動大學生活也許是一段讓人恐慌的時光,但明白了如何應付你的作業、構建支持網絡并對新的學習體驗保持敞開,就能讓這個過程變得更為順利,還有希望能幫助你享受你之后幾年的學習。